Basic Information About Peru

If you are seeking to learn more about Peru, look no further. Below, you’ll find a beginner’s guide to one of the most visited countries in the world. Read more to see why.

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Basic Information
Peru is located on the western side of South America. It is bordered by Ecuador, Chile, Brazil, and Bolivia. Peru’s population is 30,380,000, of which 8,400,000 are located in the capital city of Lima.

Brief History
The territory that is known today as Peru was once home to the Norte Chico civilization, the Inca Empire, and the Spanish Empire. The nation declared independence from Spain on July 28, 1821.

Today, Peru has an interesting mix of cultures: 45% of the population is Amerindian, 84% of the country speaks Spanish, and 13% of the country speaks Quechua (especially in the Andes regions). 82% of the population consider themselves Catholic.

Gastronomy
There are over 400 culinary dishes that have their roots in Peru, the most famous of which is ceviche peruano. Ceviche is basically a fish salad, marinated in lime and mixed with garlic, onions, cilantro, limo chile pepper, corn, and sweet potatoes. Other famous dishes include pollo a la brasa, lomo saltado, aji de gallina, cuy, and seco.

Cusco

Weather
Peru is a country that features a diversity of climates. In fact, Peru has 84 of the identified 103 climates. Lima, a coastal desert, never really makes it outside of 60-90 degrees Fahrenheit. Cusco, a high-altitude Andean city, offers all four seasons in a single day; the nights are chilly (35-40 degrees), the mornings bring spring, in the afternoon summer arrives (75-85 degrees), and the evening brings a return of winter.

Tourism opportunities
The number one tourist attraction in Peru is Machu Picchu, hosting almost 3,000,000 visitors each year. Cusco was recently ranked the #1 city to visit in Central/South America by Travel+Leisure magazine. Iquitos (where the Amazon is born) is another major tourist destination and is known as one of the top places in the world for exotic bird-watching. In Southern Peru, you find Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable freshwater lake in the world, and Colca canyon, which is over two times deeper than the Grand Canyon of the United States and is home to the Andean Condor (a bird with a 8-10 foot wingspan). On the northern coast lies Mancora, which is home to some of the most famous surfing waves in the world.

Summary of Peru
Peruvians are an incredibly friendly people. They welcome any and all visitors to their country. It is a country with towering mountains, ancient ruins, world-renowned surfing waves, dense Amazonian jungle, and delicious food. Put simply, Peru provides for the trip of a lifetime.

Happy Travels…

Jared Snow on Twitter
Jared Snow
Peru Travel Expert at Destination Peru
I lived in Peru for 3 years between 2010 - 2014. During that time I researched and wrote full-time about traveling and living in Peru. I've owned and operated Destination Peru since 2012. I've always had a special interest in the Peruvian Amazon, not only because I think it has so much to offer, but because my wife's family is from the Loreto area. My favorite food of all-time is Peruvian Ceviche. Please feel free to reach out anytime: jared@treehouselodge.com. #PeruIsWaitingForYou

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